Date of Award
Master of Science
Geological and Environmental Sciences
Dr. Mohamed Sultan
Dr. Alan Kehew
Dr. David Barnes
Masters Thesis-Open Access
A three-fold exercise was conducted to assess the groundwater potentiality in the Eastern Desert (ED) of Egypt. First, a database was generated to host all relevant data sets in a GIS environment for a better understanding of the spatial relationships between these data sets. Co-registered digital mosaics were generated from relevant data sets including remote sensing (e.g., Landsat TM, SIR-C, SRTM, TRMM), geochemical (solute concentrations, O and H stable isotope composition), geological (geologic maps), and hydrological (lithology, depth to water table) data sets. Second, a web-based GIS interface (ArcIMS) was developed to provide a vehicle for data analysis, visualization, and dissemination. Finally, using the developed web-based GIS, locations for potential productive wells (168) targeting four types of shallow ( <200m) reservoirs were identified. The targeted reservoir types are: (1) Nubian Aquifer groundwater residing in shallow alluvial aquifers, (2) meteoric groundwater reservoirs in fractured basement rocks, (3) alluvial aquifers recharged by modem meteoric precipitation, and (4) meteoric groundwater reservoirs related to dyke swarms. The validity of the methodology was successfully tested against existing wells in the Eastern Desert.
Manocha, "Development of a Web-Based GIS for Groundwater Exploration in Arid Lands" (2005). Master's Theses. 3914.