Date of Award

12-2005

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Geosciences

First Advisor

Dr. Mohamed Sultan

Second Advisor

Dr. Alan Kehew

Third Advisor

Dr. David Barnes

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

A three-fold exercise was conducted to assess the groundwater potentiality in the Eastern Desert (ED) of Egypt. First, a database was generated to host all relevant data sets in a GIS environment for a better understanding of the spatial relationships between these data sets. Co-registered digital mosaics were generated from relevant data sets including remote sensing (e.g., Landsat TM, SIR-C, SRTM, TRMM), geochemical (solute concentrations, O and H stable isotope composition), geological (geologic maps), and hydrological (lithology, depth to water table) data sets. Second, a web-based GIS interface (ArcIMS) was developed to provide a vehicle for data analysis, visualization, and dissemination. Finally, using the developed web-based GIS, locations for potential productive wells (168) targeting four types of shallow ( <200m) reservoirs were identified. The targeted reservoir types are: (1) Nubian Aquifer groundwater residing in shallow alluvial aquifers, (2) meteoric groundwater reservoirs in fractured basement rocks, (3) alluvial aquifers recharged by modem meteoric precipitation, and (4) meteoric groundwater reservoirs related to dyke swarms. The validity of the methodology was successfully tested against existing wells in the Eastern Desert.

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