Author

Becker

Date of Award

6-2004

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

Anthropology

First Advisor

Dr. Michael S. Nassaney

Second Advisor

Dr. William Cremin

Third Advisor

Dr. Michael J. Chiarappa

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Terrance J. Martin

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

Cultural identities can be created and maintained through daily practice and food consum.ption is one such practice. People need food in order to survive, but the types of food they eat are largely determined by the interaction of culture and their environment. By approaching the topic of subsistence practices as being culturally constituted, the study of foodways provides an avenue to examine issues of cultural identity through selective consumption. Eating certain foods to the exclusion of others is one method for establishing social distance between peoples and is simultaneously a reflection of this relationship and the types of interactions that take place between groups. This study explores the issue of cultural identity as expressed through selective consumption of animal resources. Tue outpost known as Fort St. Joseph will serve as an example of how one can utilize animal exploitation patterns to determine selective consumption and these results are compared to animal exploitation patterns at Fort Ouiatenon, French Cahokia, Fort de Chartres I, and Fort de Chartres m. Variation in these patterns suggests the different ways in which cultural identities were expressed at each site.

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