Can Status Be Revealed? Dichotomous Cultural and Physiological Markers of Social Differentiation in Two Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Sites in the Levant
Date of Award
Master of Arts
Dr. Tal Simmons
Dr. Robert Anemone
Dr. Pamela Stone
Masters Thesis-Open Access
Bioarchaeological studies utilize linear enamel hypoplasias (LEH) to discuss and interpret the health among peoples of the past. This research explores the bioarchaeology from two Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (9,000-8,500 BP) sites in south-central Levant, Kfar HaHoresh and Yiftahel, to uncover a record of health and social status in order to understand these sites in the context of the greater Levantine Pre-Pottery Neolithic period.
Archaeological evidence suggests that the Kfar HaHoresh site served as a mortuary complex in which the elite from surrounding communities, such as Yiftahel, are buried (Goring-Morris 2000). This research examines the biological remains alongside the archaeological evidence to determine whether the elite from this region were buried at Kfar HaHoresh; if evidence suggesting social stratification exists within Kfar HaHoresh itself; and if individuals at these two sites experienced similar stressors associated with weaning. LEHs are used as the primary indicator of nutritional status. The data reveals that the individuals at these two sites show no differences in status and rank. Furthermore, the timing of LEH indicates stress events occurred post-weaning. Interestingly, however, the dental evidence from Kfar HaHoresh is consistent with the archaeological evidence indicating social stratification existed within the site, particularly among loci 1003 and 1155.
Trahe, Monika L., "Can Status Be Revealed? Dichotomous Cultural and Physiological Markers of Social Differentiation in Two Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Sites in the Levant" (2003). Masters Theses. 3927.