Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Subhash Sonnad

Second Advisor

Dr. David Hartmann

Third Advisor

Dr. Timothy Diamond

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This study examines the gender gap in career patterns in the Japanese labor force, with particular attention to the role of education. A chief concern regarding employment for women is the worsening situation of college-educated women in terms of wages and employment opportunities.

Two cohorts of age groups, 25-29 and 40-44, are used to examine gender differences in career paths by educational level. The latter section of study examines the determinants of the average monthly earnings of male and female regular employees.

Analysis revealed significant differences between men's and women's employment patterns and wages during the middle ages. The study concludes that the seniority wage system and lifetime employment that are practiced in Japan is disadvantageous to women.