Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Thomas Van Valey

Second Advisor

Dr. Sue Crull

Third Advisor

Dr. James Petersen

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of dimensions of the school climate upon twelfth grade self-reported alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use. In order to do this, social bond theory and its elements of attachment, belief, and commitment were tested. Data involving peer pressure to use drugs, perception of school drug policy enforcement, and college boundness were utilized in examining their relationship with drug use.

The data which were chosen for this study involved 141 Michigan public school districts and were based on the responses of 17,211 high school seniors collected during the 1993-1994 school year. Due to the fact that this study did not involve a random sample, the results are not generalizable to the state of Michigan, but only describe the participating school districts.

The results indicate that peer pressure to use drugs, particularly marijuana, was the strongest predictor of senior drug use. Therefore, this is an area to which school district administrators and educators can devote attention in their efforts to decrease senior high school student drug use.

Included in

Sociology Commons