Date of Award
Master of Arts
Dr. Susan Caringella-MacDonald
Dr. Gerald Markle
Dr. Douglas D. Davidson
Masters Thesis-Open Access
Modeling theory proposes that consequences received by the model are considered critical in determining whether or not modeled behaviors will be imitated (Bandura, Ross & Ross, 1961).
Despite the apparent significance of consequences, analyses of children's literature have failed to explore this link. Utilizing feminist research perspectives, I sought to examine variables explored in previous analyses of picture books, with emphasis on consequences received by models. I was interested in (a) consequences received by female and male characters when engaged in instrumental/independent activities (Kortenhaus & Demarest, 1993); (b) the ways in which female and male characters are stereotyped; and (c) changes in female and male characterizations two decades.
Little Golden Books™ published over two decades were samples. Frequency counts were compiled on a number of variables. Statistical analyses were utilized to determine relationships between variables and generalizability of findings.
Characters were found to receive differential consequences by sex when engaged in socially valued activities. Female characters when visible, were portrayed in traditional roles. Characterizations remained fairly constant over the two decades examined.
Ballman-Burke, Sandra, "Little Golden BooksTM: An Analysis of Every Child’s Literature" (1997). Masters Theses. 4212.