Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


Geological and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Mohamed Sultan

Second Advisor

Dr. William Sauck

Third Advisor

Dr. Robert Gillespie

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Richard Becker

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The Nile Delta in Egypt is being threatened by two continuous and relatively slow hazards: encroachment from the Mediterranean Sea as sea levels rise and land subsidence of the delta itself. The magnitude of sea level rise has been actively monitored, while the subsidence of the Nile Delta has not been adequately quantified spatially and temporally. Instead, all previous studies have either focused on measuring average Holocene subsidence rates or modern subsidence rates on local scales (point- or city-scale).

The overall study objective is three-fold: (1) to measure and map the spatial variations in subsidence rates across the entire Nile Delta, (2) to identify the nature of factors (natural and anthropogenic) controlling modern subsidence rates, and (3) to discuss the advantages and limitations of using Persistent Scatterer Interferometry techniques over the Nile Delta.