Date of Award
Master of Arts
Dr. G. F. Bradley
Robert B. Stephens
Masters Thesis-Open Access
The Problem and Atomic Energy Levels
In 1949 Francis Bitter proposed a method for optcally detecting radio frequency resonance. That same year Alfred Kastler, Fcole Normale Superiéure, Paris, France, introduced a technique, which he called "Optical Pumping", of concentrating atoms in some of the Zeeman sublevels of one of the hyperfine state levels of the ground state. These two experiments are the basis of research involving optical methods of atomic orientation and of magnetic resonance.
Breault, "A Measurement of the Spin Relaxation Time of Optically Pumped Rubidium Vapor" (1964). Master's Theses. 4287.