Modeling and Simulation with Optimal Gear Ratio for a Forward-Looking, Velocity-Driven, Power-Split Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Date of Award
Master of Science in Engineering
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Dr. Jennifer Hudson
Dr. Richard Meyer
Dr. Koorosh Naghshineh
Dr. Zach Asher
power-split hybrid electric vehicle, optimal gear ratio, vehicle modeling, forward-looking, optimal energy management
Masters Thesis-Open Access
Increases in vehicle demand and fossil fuel consumption are major contributors to environmental problems, such as air pollution and climate change. This has led to research on alternative, energy-efficient vehicle technologies. Automobile users are now preferring comfortable vehicles with minimal fuel consumption and with more efficient engines. Hybrid cars are becoming common because of their advantage of running cleaner and with better gas mileage. A hybrid car runs on the power of both an electric motor and a gasoline engine. This mechanism helps cut fuel consumption and conserve energy. An additional advantage is a regenerative braking system that helps recharge the battery, which ultimately reduces load on the engine and hence produce lower emissions. In this thesis, components of hybrid electric vehicles are defined and a computational model of a typical hybrid system is developed. Modeling and simulation of these components is done in the Matlab/Simulink environment. This thesis underscores the HEV model that can be used in future and the importance of optimized powertrain components, especially the planetary gear ratio and its impact on vehicle performance and fuel economy. The planetary gear ratio ensures smooth transmission, propulsion capacity, acceleration, and fuel economy. This thesis investigates the effect of different gear ratios on fuel economy for the US06 and FTP75 drive cycles and proposes a strategy for optimizing gear ratio to maximize fuel economy without compromising vehicle drivability. The study presented in this thesis also emphasizes battery stability and optimal energy management at different gear ratios. The forward-looking, velocity-driven, power-split model developed in this study highlights the importance of gear ratio in engine operation and also ensures that generator does not overrun in the process.
Kanap, Sonal Babasaheb, "Modeling and Simulation with Optimal Gear Ratio for a Forward-Looking, Velocity-Driven, Power-Split Hybrid Electric Vehicle" (2019). Masters Theses. 4312.