Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


Geological and Environmental Sciences



First Advisor

Dr. Christopher J. Schmidt

Second Advisor

Dr. Ronald B. Chase

Third Advisor

Dr. W. Thomas Straw

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The Madison Range is the eastern limb of the Laramide Rocky Mountain foreland Madison-Gravelly Arch. The main segment of the Madison thrust system in the map area is the basement-involved Scarface thrust which dips westward, trends north-northwest, and places Archean rocks onto an overturned footwall of Cambrian through Cretaceous rocks. Foliation of Archean rocks in the footwall is folded with overlying sedimentary rocks.

The Shedhorn Mountain thrust splays from the Scarface thrust. It is exposed north and south of the Shedhorn Mountain anticline, but is blind beneath it. The Taylor fault, an east-dipping back thrust, is inferred to be associated with an upward change in dip of the Shedhorn Mountain thrust from steep (>45 ° ) to gentle (<30°).

The Taylor fault block rotated upward deforming the Scarface footwall and truncating the Scarface thrust.

The presence of the syntectonic Sphinx Mountain conglomerate to the north constrains the timing of most of the thrusting to Upper Maastrichtian (67-70 Ma).


Additional Files are attached.

Geological Map of the (Plate I) West-Central Madison Range Southwestern Montana

Geological Cross Section West-Central Madison Range Plate II, A & B

Geological Cross Section West-Central Madison Range Plate II, C & D

Geological Cross Section West-Central Madison Range Plate II, E & F

BrownPlateI.tif (331341 kB)
BrownPlateIIAB.tif (232433 kB)
BrownPlateIICD.tif (232160 kB)
BrownPlateIIEF.tif (232879 kB)

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Geology Commons