Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Biological Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Leo C. Vander Beek

Second Advisor

Dr. Richard Brewer

Third Advisor

Dr. Richard W. Pippen

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access



The fact that large quantities of detergents daily are being added to our water table and the appearance of billows of foam at the shores of many inland bodies of water have caused alarm among biologists and sanitation engineers. However, few observations of the effects of synthetic detergents on living organisms other than bacteria have been recorded.

The purpose of these studies was (1) to determine the effects of several commercial non-biodegradable detergents, Tide, Dreft, and Alconox, and one biodegradable detergent, Living, upon the germination and root elongation of seeds of a monocotyledon, barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and a dicotyledon, cucumber (Cucumis sativa L.), and (2) to determine the effects of detergents solutions that were first filtered through several different kinds of soils or other substances upon these species.

Included in

Biology Commons