Date of Award
Master of Arts
Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
Speech Pathology and Audiology
Dr. Robert Erickson
Dr. Charles Van Riper
Masters Thesis-Open Access
The Background and Purpose of the Study
Clinical experience as well as considerable research, which will be discussed later in this chapter, has shown that children are inconsistent in their misarticulation of speech sounds. Children who typically misarticulate a sound may, nevertheless, articulate the sound correctly in certain words. Several authors have suggested that these occasional correct productions of the usually misarticulated sound can be useful in therapy. For example, in a discussion of therapy techniques Van Riper (32, p. 273) has recommended the use of "key words" in helping a child correct his articulation errors:
Although occasional cases are found who never make the sound correctly, the majority of speech defectives have a few words in which they do not make the error. The teacher should be alert enough to catch these when they do occur. Often these words are those which have the usually defective sound in an inconspicuous place -- this is to say, the sound occurs in the medial or final position, or is incorporated within a blend; seldom is it found in an accented syllable ... These words are worth the trouble needed to discover them, for they simplify the teacher's work tremendously, since it is possible to use that sound as a standard and guide and it work from it to other words in which error normally occurs.
Peters, "An Investigation of the Influence of Certain Phonetic Contexts upon Articulation of the /S/ Sound" (1964). Master's Theses. 4650.