Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences


Speech Pathology and Audiology

First Advisor

Dr. Charles Van Riper

Second Advisor

Dr. Charles Brown

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Chapter I.

The Problem

Justification of this research. This experiment was designed to test the prevalent opinion that poor speaking reduces comprehension. Typical of such opinions is the conclusion of Knower, Phillips, and Koeppel1, who state:

"The comparative effectiveness of speaking and oral reading as methods of presenting material depends upon the quality of performance. Poor speaking seems to be the least effective method of presenting informative materials. There is a direct relationship between the quality of speaking performance and the amount of material recalled. Poor speakers produced least recall."

Of the many factors which contribute to effective speaking, fluency is certainly one of importance. Black and Moore2 state:

"Fluency is not of first importance in speaking, not so important as the sense of the utterance. Some speakers, however, seem to reverse this order and to prefer an unimpeded flow of speech over exactness in either language or ideas, and some listeners use 'fast talker' as a term of superlative praise."