Date of Award

8-2019

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Geological and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Duane Hampton

Second Advisor

Dr. Daniel Cassidy

Third Advisor

Dr. Mohamed Sultan

Keywords

Capillary rise, surface tension, fine grained sand, hydrology, grain size

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

Capillary rise in fine-grained sands is especially important due to the wide distribution of fine-grained sediment throughout the unconsolidated sedimentary layers blanketing the earth. The height to which water rises above the water table in porous media is known as the capillary fringe. Tension pulling on the water molecules from the solid surfaces of pores will cause water to rise in the unconsolidated fine-grained sands until the water reaches equilibrium with the downward force of gravity.

Researching the controls behind capillary rise and being able to predict the extent to which water will rise in fine-grained sand helped provide insight into many applied situations affecting industry, infrastructure, agriculture, and environmental remediation. A review of the literature as well as a series of laboratory experiments helped answer questions surrounding the controls on the extent of capillary rise in fine-grained sands.

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Geology Commons

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