No Fracking Way! A Study on the Spatial Patterns of and Changes in Perception and Distance from a Michigan Horizontal Hydraulic Fracturing Site
Date of Award
Master of Arts
Dr. Lisa DeChano-Cook
Dr. Charles Emerson
Dr. C. Scott Smith
Fracking, perceptions, spatial, Michigan, survey
Masters Thesis-Open Access
The research investigates whether Michigan residents' perception of risk from an oil and natural gas (ONG) well site that employs the use of horizontal hydraulic fracturing (fracking) changes with distance. The research goal is to determine if residents that live farther from a fracking site perceive it to be more dangerous than those who live closer. Secondary research goals include determining if increasing distance from a fracking site cause residents to overestimate their proximity to a fracking site and if gender and education levels have an effect on residents' perception levels. Data were collected from residents in three counties in Michigan using a specially-designed questionnaire. These data were analyzed using Kruskal- Wallis, Spearman's rho, and Chi-squared statistical tests. Additionally, GIS was incorporated to perform distance analysis comparing residents' risk perception levels and the distance oftheir home addresses. Distance analysis suggest that residents possess differing levels of concern regarding a fracking site regardless of distance from the well site while statistical analysis indicates that gender does play a role in determining residents' levels of risk perception.
McEwen, Shannon, "No Fracking Way! A Study on the Spatial Patterns of and Changes in Perception and Distance from a Michigan Horizontal Hydraulic Fracturing Site" (2014). Masters Theses. 492.
Environmental Health and Protection Commons, Nature and Society Relations Commons, Physical and Environmental Geography Commons