Paul T. Prior

Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Robert W. Kaufman

Second Advisor

Dr. Peter Kobrak

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Chapter I


Consistently increasing urbanization has been a salient characteristic of American society in the 20th Century. As more and more people have moved into cities, suburbs, and metropolitan areas, state and local governments have found it necessary to regulate the use of land through zoning legislation and zoning ordinances. New York City first enacted a comprehensive zoning ordinance in 1916.1 Since 1926, when the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of zoning ordinances in the landmark decision of Euclid v Amber Realty Co,2 virtually every urban area in the nation has been subjected to zoning.