Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Bradley E. Huitema

Second Advisor

Dr. Alyce M. Dickinson

Third Advisor

Dr. Dale Brethower

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The decrease in individual performance output that occurs when individuals perform a task in groups in which the output is pooled has been labelled social loafing. The purpose of this study was to determine what would happen to the quantity and quality of individual performance in groups when public, individual feedback was present and absent.

An ABCBC experimental design was used. Four subjects worked individually, together in a group without feedback, and in the group in the presence of feedback making widgets out of plastic pop beads. The number of widgets made and the number of widgets made correctly were recorded for each subject.

A small degree of social loafing was found for two subjects for the number of widgets correctly made and for one subject for the number of widgets made. When public, individual feedback was presented, both the quantity of widgets made and the quantity of widgets correctly made increased for all four subjects.