Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Educational Leadership, Research and Technology


Educational Studies

First Advisor

Dr. Deye B. Fox

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Chapter I


Fundamentals or basic tool subjects of education is an extremely timely topic at present, vital to continuing education, as is every other subject which animates, vitalizes, facilitates, and expedites learning, training, living, and self-realization of youth. This is particularly evident when considering the difficulties in the process and experience of education encountered by secondary pupils today. On every hand we are faced with appealing facts and figures--realities. Typical of these facts are some data in regard to drop outs from six successive classes from a school of Z County, Michigan, which groups had a combined total of 203 members during their history in the school. For one reason or another 69 students or 33.99 per cent dropped out before graduating. This is only one example of which there are those with even graver results. One other relevant citation of data is this:

Even now one young person in six fails to reach high school, and half of those who enter drop out before the end.2

2The approximate figures are as follows:

in sixth grade, 90-95 per cent of the age group

in tenth grade, 60 per cent of the age group

in twelfth grade, 45 per cent of the age group

in second year of college, 15 per cent of the age group

in fourth year of college, 7 per cent of the age group.1


From 1939 to the early 1950's, Western offered graduate courses in Kalamazoo in conjunction with the University of Michigan. All degrees were awarded by the University of Michigan.