Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Educational Leadership, Research and Technology


Educational Studies

First Advisor

Dr. George G. Mallinson

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Chapter I

The Problem and Its Background


This study, entitled, "An Experimental Study of the Value of Mental Arithmetic in Grades Seven and Eight," is the report of an experimental investigation in teaching arithmetic. It was conducted for the purpose of determining whether or not the use of daily drill in the four fundamental processes or arithmetic, as well as in thought problems that involve one or more of these fundamental processes, has a tendency to develop general arithmetical abilities in children.

As far as the writer can determine, little research has been done in this area. The dearth of research may be due to the fact that mental arithmetic is considered by many educators to be somewhat obsolete and impractical. The writer is willing to admit the use of drill or mental arithmetic may not conform to some of the "progressive ideals" as exemplified in many modern concepts of the learning processes of children. However, the task set fourth here is to attempt to determine its worth, if any, in accelerating and stimulating youngsters in arithmetical computation.


From 1939 to the early 1950's, Western offered graduate courses in Kalamazoo in conjunction with the University of Michigan. All degrees were awarded by the University of Michigan.