Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Music



First Advisor

Edward A. Roth, M.M.

Second Advisor

Dr. Jennifer Fiore

Third Advisor

Lori Sims


Qigong, purposeful use of music, positive negative affect schedule, Short Flow State Scale (SFSS)

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This study aims to explore the feasibility and the potential effects of adding music to meditative movement on affect and flow. Fifteen participants were recruited and they were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: (1) Meditative movement only; (2) Recorded music and meditative movement; and (3) Live music and meditative movement. Participants from each group engaged individually in a 45-minute online session, practicing three qigong exercise sets. To determine the feasibility, the acceptability and practicality were investigated through the analysis of anecdotal notes, open-ended questionnaires, and video recordings. Potential effects of music and meditative movement were examined by comparing scores from the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Short Flow State Scale (S FSS). Statistical tests were performed to determine pre- and post-session differences, between group differences in affect and flow, as well as the effect sizes. Results indicated that the addition of music to qigong is feasible and has a different impact on affect than meditative movement alone, but similar impact on flow-like experience. The feasibility and preliminary results support the need for further investigations.

Included in

Music Therapy Commons