Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. William Charland

Second Advisor

Dr. Christina Chin

Third Advisor

Nichole Maury


Art education, secondary education, analysis, critique, visual art

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This paper is a study of analysis and critique in the secondary visual art classroom setting. I begin by examining the purposes these two practices can serve, and then document some of the positive outcomes of analysis and critique as well as their inherent flaws. The flaws are subcategorized into examinations of the risks of formal analysis or Formalism, the unintended emotional impacts critique and analysis can have, effects of teacher behavior, a survey of critique-caused trauma and notes on implicit bias. For the purposes of my literature review, I analyze analysis and critique through phases and writing exercises specifically, and as curricular components more generally. Next, as assimilated from my research, I present a series of guidelines for ensuring positive outcomes from analysis and critique in a classroom setting such as establishing and ensuring balance of power and maintaining transparency of purpose and clarity of intent. I conclude by summarizing the various purposes analysis and critique can have in a secondary art classroom.