Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Music



First Advisor

Dr. Edward Roth

Second Advisor

Dr. Jennifer Fiore

Third Advisor

Dr. Lin Foulk Baird


Improvisation, music improvisation, scoping review, improvisation experience, music therapy improvisation

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Music improvisation is a therapeutic music intervention utilized frequently by board-certified music therapists in various clinical settings. While music therapists frequently use music improvisation as a treatment intervention, research on music improvisation outcomes is limited. The purpose of this scoping review is to summarize current knowledge about the outcomes of music improvisation experiences in music therapy and non-music therapy contexts. This review aims to identify and address gaps in the literature to provide suggestions for future research. The findings of this review will inform clinical music therapy methods. To conduct the scoping review, the researcher used the following five-stage framework: identifying the research question, identifying relevant studies, charting the data, summarizing results, and discussing results. The analysis of twenty-nine studies on music improvisation resulted in a summary and discussion of various music improvisation outcomes, including neurologic, physiological, social and relational, emotional, communicative, phenomenological findings, additional unique outcomes, implications for music therapy, and suggestions for future research.

Included in

Music Therapy Commons