Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Music



First Advisor

Brian L. Wilson

Second Advisor

Edward A. Roth

Third Advisor

David S. Smith

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Incorporating music into treatment protocols is a non-pharmacological approach to pain management. Music can aid in mood and motivation, and assists in coordination of movement through rhythmic entrainment. Few studies have looked at the effectiveness of music on pain and mood while actively engaged in exercise. In this study, patients in an inpatient physical rehabilitation facility were provided with rhythmically synchronized music during upper extremities exercises. Self-reported ratings (McGill Pain Questionnaire - Short Form and Feeling Scale) of pain and mood were taken through a pretest post-test between subjects group design. Rate of Perceived Exertion (Borg's RPE) was taken post-test only. Trained observers measured participant's adherence to exercise. It was hypothesized that exercising to rhythmically synchronized live music would be more effective than rhythmic counting alone in reducing the perception of physical pain, improving mood, and improving adherence to exercise during an upper extremities exercise group. Results instead showed a similarity in response to both live music and rhythmic counting, and no statistically significant difference between groups.

Included in

Music Therapy Commons