Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

David Hartmann, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Jesse Smith, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Charles Crawford, Ph.D.


Health disparities, intersectionality, race ethnicity and gender, sleep health, social determinants, structural racism and sexism

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This paper is an attempt to understand racial, ethnic and gender disparities in sleep as a sociological problem. Public health and sociological researchers have looked at the connection between sleep disparities among minorities and the impact it has on health. However, they haven’t explained and applied the social structural factors that cause these disparities, as well as address how stress can serve as a moderator. In my investigation, I found that sleep troubles differ across race, ethnicity and gender. These differences relate to the distinguishable life situations of women and minorities in American society, such as stressful life circumstances that people face.