Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Science Education

First Advisor

Dr. William W. Cobern

Second Advisor

Dr. Brandy Ann Skjold


Indonesia, transadaptation, Pedagogy ofScience Teaching Test (POSTT), teaching, assessment

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Indonesia has experienced problems in teacher quality, especially science teachers. Regarding this problem, a teacher-training program, in which preservice teachers are directed to use the most appropriate science teaching methods, is important to prepare qualified teachers. Having formative assessments for assessing Indonesian preservice science teachers’ teaching orientations is important. Therefore, the Pedagogy of Science Teaching Test (POSTT) was translated and adapted into Bahasa as a formative assessment for preservice science teachers. There were eight steps to translate and validate the POSTT into Bahasa (Indonesian language). The translation and validation processes involved eight experts in the target language and eight science content experts . A pilot study was conducted in Indonesia to validate the transadapted POSTT. There were 55 Indonesian preservice biology teachers involved in the pilot study. The data was analyzed using SPSS software. The results show that item responses were varied among POSTT items. Respondents selected different options for each item. According to the results, transadapted POSTT is understandable and fits with Indonesian culture. The transadapted POSTT is valid and can be implemented in Indonesia.