Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Dr. Andre R. Venter

Second Advisor

Dr. Michael J. Barcelona

Third Advisor

Dr. Blair Szymczyna

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatographymass spectrometry (LC-MS) are powerful analytical techniques that combine the separation power in a stationary phase with the detection power of mass spectrometry. GCMS and LC-MS have gained dominant positions in identifying and quantifying different analyte species due to their high selectivity, high sensitivity, and high reproducibility.

My research utilizes the analytical power of LC-MS and GC-MS to address two environmental issues: 1) Identification of biodegradation products of the ionic liquid 1- butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMIMCl) by an activated sludge microbial community using LC-MS and 2) identification and quantification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Kalamazoo River oil spill using GC-MS. Three major metabolites from BMIMCl biodegradation were identified, and their structures were confirmed using MS/MS and 1H-NMR techniques. Many PAHs were identified, and their concentrations were quantified in the Kalamazoo River oil spill area using GC-MS.

Included in

Chemistry Commons