Date of Award
Master of Arts
Human Performance and Health Education
Dr. Mary L. Dawson
Dr. Roger Zabik
Dr. Debra Berkey
Masters Thesis-Open Access
This investigation compared two body fat assessment techniques, skinfold thicknesses and bioelectrical impedance, in an elderly population. Ten healthy adults and ten critically ill adults, aged 55-93 years, were tested. The body fat measurements were taken over a two-week period. Electrolyte levels, sodium and potassium, and hydration status were monitored. Intraclass reliability coefficients were calculated using a repeated measures analysis design (ANOVA). Bioelectrical impedance was not found to be a reliable method for estimating body composition in this study; reliability coefficients were R =.83, R =.98, R =.83, and R =.32 for healthy males, healthy females, critically ill males, and critically ill females, respectively. The electrolytes and hydration status were within normal ranges and, therefore, were not accountable for the unreliable results of bioelectrical impedance. In this study, bioelectrical impedance was not a valid or reliable method for estimating percent body fat in an older population, healthy or ill.
Gohlke, "Comparison of Body Assessment Using Bioelectrical Impedance and Skinfold Measurements in the Critically Ill" (1991). Master's Theses. 964.