Date of Award
Master of Arts
Dr. E. Rozanne Elder
Dr. Otto Grundler
Dr. Brian P. McGuire
Masters Thesis-Open Access
Questions concerning Bernard of Clairvaux’s view of art and architecture have been answered primarily from his words on monastic art found in his work the Apologia. Some scholars have taken these statements out of context to their intended audience. Others have placed them firmly within the framework of his monastic vocation. More recently, scholars have analyzed the treatise in a broader context by using the Apologia to explore the role of art in the Middle Ages. None of these scholars question the fundamental motivation for Bernard’s view on art and the role it plays in the hierarchy of the Saint’s overall thought.
This paper will place Bernard’s ideas on art and architecture within the context of his other views, drawing on his spiritual texts, letters and sermons. Addressing the issue from a broader reading will allow for an understanding of the place of art within the Saint’s focused world view. Bernard’s words on art and architecture in the Apologia must be understood in light of his understanding of human salvation and the process of purification in the monastic life. An investigation of these principles will lead to a discussion of Bernard’s monastic anthropology and soteriology. Bernard’s actions and words must always be viewed in reference to these two priorities.
La Corte, Daniel Marcel, "Purity of Purpose: The Aesthetics of Bernard of Clairvaux Based on His Monastic Anthropology" (1991). Masters Theses. 989.