Guy Perry


There has long been a debate about the true name of the woman known to history as "Isabella II" or "Yolanda," the queen of Jerusalem and the spouse of the Emperor Frederick II. This article will try co answer two simple questions. First: what was her real name? Second: if it can be demonstrated that either of her appellations is incorrect, where does the "wrong" one come from, and how did it come co be in standard usage? This provides us with an opportunity co survey a particular aspect of "Crusades Historiography" from the Middle Ages down co the present day, and it shows chat it is all much more complex than historians have commonly assumed.