Equitable sharing of fishing resources has been the major source of tension between Zambezi Valley communities and the Zimbabwe government authorities since the 1950s following the Kariba Dam-induced resettlement. Using participatory action research, it was found that the fishing license system and criminalization of fishermen were the major sources of tension between fishermen and government authorities. Engaging with government authorities to address these tensions, fishermen were recognized as partners in the fishing industry. The conclusion was that enhancing community agencies through participatory action research would be fundamental towards creating socially just and equitable arrangements that could emancipate marginalized communities from abject poverty.
Manyena, Bernard; Collins, Andrew E.; Mudimba, Frank; and Mudimba, Danisa
"Reducing Marginalization of Fishermen through Participatory Action Research in the Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe,"
International Journal of African Development: Vol. 3
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/ijad/vol3/iss2/3