Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Educational Leadership

First Advisor

Dr. David Cowden

Second Advisor

Dr. George DiPillo

Third Advisor

Dr. Uldis Smidchens


Principals’ perceptions of the relationship between middle school leadership characteristics and the relevance and use of middle school characteristics were examined in this study. A systematic random sampling procedure was used to select principals from public middle schools in the State of Michigan. A survey instrument was developed to measure the variables. These variables were determined based on a review of the literature. The reliability of the instrument was obtained using the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients. Spearman rank-ordered correlations were used to determine the strength and direction of the relationships of each hypothesis.

The findings from this study suggest that there are slight relationships between principals’ perceptions of leadership characteristics and the practice as well as relevance of middle school recommended characteristics. The findings also suggest that there are slight relationships between the use of middle school characteristics and the perceived relevance of middle school characteristics.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access