Date of Defense




First Advisor

Jay Means, Chemistry

Second Advisor

Michael Liepman, KCMS-MSU


Nicotine exposure, lead exposure, pregnancy health risks


In utero exposure to nicotine and lead results in a wide array of physical, behavioral, and cognitive effects on newborns. The purpose ofthis study is to determine the prevalence of in utero exposure to nicotine and lead of all babies born at Bronson Methodist Hospital and Borgess Medical Center in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Anonymous samples ofmeconium, an infant's first fecal matter, and placental cord blood are being collected for one year. Informed consent ofthe mothers is being obtained anonymously. Samples are being analyzed using Gas ChromatographyMass Spectroscopy (GC/MS) and Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry(ICP-MS).No results have yet been recorded. This study may lead to further evaluation of particular "at risk" areas of the community and may increase prenatal screening for drugs of abuse and environmental toxins.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only