Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Michael Clark

Second Advisor

Dr. Nickola Nelson

Third Advisor

Dr. James Hillenbrand

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This study examined the ability of fifth, eighth, and eleventh graders to complete multiple modality analogy tasks. Three groups, for a total of 201 subjects--68 fifth graders, 66 eighth graders, and 77 eleventh graders--solved word, picture, and figure analogies. A significant difference was found in the performance of the three groups, indicating that analogical processing skills increase with age. No significant difference was found between males and females on the combined analogy tasks. A significant difference was found for modality, indicating that the three sets of analogies were different in difficulty. The grade-by-modality interaction also was found to be significant, revealing that the difficulty of the three analogy tasks was experienced differentially by the grades. Post hoc analysis determined that the differences between word and picture analogies, word and figure analogies, and picture and figure analogies were significant over all grades.