Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Human Performance and Health Education

First Advisor

Dr. Debra S. Berkey

Second Advisor

Dr. Yuanlong Liu

Third Advisor

Dr. Suzan Ayers

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This study looked at pedometers and heart rate monitors, to see if they influence academic learning time in physical education (ALT-PE). ALT-PE is a behavioral measurement of quality analyzing the percentage of time students are motor engaged during the physical education class. The study used two physical education classes each participating in a basketball and a soccer unit. Video was taken and analyzed of the two week baseline and experimental units. During the experimental unit, one third of the class received pedometers, one third heart rate monitors and one third no device. Each class day students rotated through each condition. ALT-PE was analyzed for the second unit and compared to the results of the first. According to the one way repeated measures ANOVA (P>0.05), it was determined that there was no significant difference among pedometer and heart rate monitors on ALT-PE. Some possible explanations include varying levels of ALT-PE between the units and therefore cannot be used for comparison, perhaps changes in ALT-PE take more time or there simply may not be any influence. Further research could help clarify these questions which would allow appropriate feedback for physical education teachers to ensure the most effective physical education class.