Date of Award
Master of Arts
Human Performance and Health Education
Dr. Mary L. Dawson
Dr. Roger Zabik
Dr. Harold Ray
Masters Thesis-Open Access
The purpose of the study was to identify the specific kinematic and kinetic variables associated with a successful fast ball, drop ball, and rise ball using the windmill style softball delivery. The subjects chosen for the investigation were female pitchers who participated in the Women's National Fast-Pitch Softball Tournament held in Buffalo, New York from August 17, 1984 to August 24, 1984.
After analyzing the data obtained from these subjects, the investigator concluded that: (a) there is a great deal of variability between the fast ball pitching mechanics of elite windmill style softball pitchers; (b) the success of a drop ball is dependent upon a small degree of hip and shoulder rotation and a large degree of hip and shoulder closure; and (c) the success of a rise ball is dependent upon a large degree of hip and shoulder rotation and a small degree of hip and shoulder closure.
Kinne, Bonni L., "A Cinematographical Analysis of the Execution of Three Types of Pitches Using the Windmill Style Softball Delivery" (1985). Masters Theses. 3386.