Date of Award

8-1989

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Chris Koronaks

Second Advisor

Dr. Mal Robertson

Third Advisor

Dr. Neil Kent

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Campus Only

Abstract

A large percentage of normal adolescent females express dissatisfaction with their body image. This can lead to excessive dieting, an eating disorder, and problems with self esteem. This study attempts a group approach to increase body image satisfaction with normal seventh and eighth grade girls. Eight adolescent girls were paired on weight and assigned to an experimental or control group. The girls were assessed on measures of body image satisfaction using the Eating Disorder Inventory and a Silhouette Chart. The girls in the experimental group were exposed to a group intervention using modeling and cognitive restructuring designed to increase body image satisfaction. Measures were repeated on both groups. No change was found in either group on the Silhouette Chart. The four girls in the experimental group showed significant decreases in Drive for Thinness, Bulimia, and Effectiveness on the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI). The experimental group showed no change as a whole on the Body Dissatisfaction Subscale of the EDI, however when divided by weight, girls heavier than the mean indicated decreased body dissatisfaction while lighter girls showed increased body dissatisfaction. Concerns regarding this are discussed.

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