The punishment of criminal acts is usually justified utilizing retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation and incapacitation (societal protection). These justifications are often utilized for traditional street crimes such as burglary, assault, and theft. However, state crimes require that punishment be looked at through a different lens, and it is advocated the restorative justice apparatuses potentially offer the best solutions at administering punishment for those who commit state crime.
"The History of Punishment: What Works for State Crime?,"
The Hilltop Review: Vol. 7
, Article 4.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/hilltopreview/vol7/iss2/4