Biomedical objectivity is a dominant health paradigm in the United States today. This paradigm views the body mostly as an object to be studied by objective means. These objective means are taken for granted as universal categories for comprehending truth in biomedicine. Lack of theoretical reflection leaves vital subjective attributes of experience out of the picture of health and healing, including lived subjective spiritual experience. This partly stems from definitions of spirituality that are lacking in explicating many elements of lived spiritual experience. Flawed definitions of spirituality are the result of both unchecked biomedical authoritative theoretical assumptions, and a lack of familiarity with scholarship in the social sciences and humanities.
Schuetz, Joseph R.
"Quantifying the Spiritual: Incorporating Subjective Spirituality in Biomedical Research,"
The Hilltop Review: Vol. 9
, Article 13.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/hilltopreview/vol9/iss2/13