Patrícia Belchior, Ph.D.; Melanie Holmes, M.Sc., OT; Nathalie Bier, Ph.D.; Carolina Bottari, Ph.D.; Barbara Mazer, Ph.D.; Alexandra Robert, M.Sc., OT; Navaldeep Kaur, PhD student
Background: It is now recognized that individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face subtle functional declines that can compromise performance in everyday tasks. However, it is still not clear how to capture these declines in the clinical setting. Thus, the goal of this study was to conduct a scoping review to identify performance-based tools for which the psychometric properties have been evaluated with the MCI population.
Methods: A scoping review of the scientific literature was performed with the guidance of a health science librarian in searching the MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases from their inception until May 2014.
Results: Nine performance-based tools assessing functional performance in individuals with MCI have been identified in the literature. While construct and content validity have been extensively reported, only two tools provided data on reliability.
Conclusion: Considering that functional decline is part of the normal aging process, it might be challenging to differentiate normal from pathological functional decline in this population. Functional measurement tools might be very sensitive to capture these subtle changes. Although no recommendations can be proposed at this point on a specific tool to assess functional performance in MCI, research in this area is beginning to identify the elements that should be taken into consideration when choosing a tool.
Belchior, P. d., Holmes, M., Bier, N., Bottari, C., Mazer, B., Robert, A., & Kaur, N. (2015). Performance-based Tools for Assessing Functional Performance in Individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment. The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1173