Credentials Display

Gayle Restall, O.T. Reg. (MB), Ph.D.; Theresa Sullivan, O.T. Reg. (MB), Ph.D.; Tara Carnochan, MA; Emily Etcheverry, O.T. Reg. (MB), Ph.D.; Kerstin Roger, Ph.D.; Pumulo Roddy, Ph.D.


Background: Occupational therapy can contribute to the health and well-being of people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are experiencing health consequences of living long term with this disease. However, there are no comprehensive rehabilitation service delivery models to guide this emerging area of practice. The purpose of this study was to obtain critical feedback about a service delivery model to address the activity and social participation needs of people living with HIV.

Method: We developed a service delivery model from a synthesis of the literature. Using a qualitative research design, we conducted individual and focus group interviews with 35 informants from diverse backgrounds and involvement in HIV-related research, service provision, and policymaking to provide critical feedback about the model. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using inductive qualitative methods.

Results: The informants identified the strengths and limitations of the model and supports and barriers to its implementation. They highlighted the importance of principle-based services, increasing resources for service navigation, building capacity of rehabilitation services to address the needs of people with HIV, and increasing research and program evaluation targeted to achieving activity and social participation outcomes.

Conclusions: The model provides a framework for occupational therapists to design and evaluate services for this population.