In 1975, the National Right-to-Read effort funded an experimental project at Northwestern University involving the application of computer facilities to the operation of a pre-service program for teacher preparation in reading. Utilizing a competency-based model (Houston and Howsam, 1972), the computer component of the program managed the student's entry into and progress through a series of on-line, interactive tutorials by assessing their initial behaviors, assigning lesson modules, guiding use of a bibliographical data base and monitoring progress.
Blachowicz, C. L., & Fairweather, P. G. (1978). A Computer-Assisted Pre-Service Program in Reading. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 19 (1). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol19/iss1/10