Young children enter school with individual and divergent literacy experiences. Considerable disagreement exists concerning how best to assess children's competence and utilize the results of instruments designed to provide this information for educators.
Harlin, R., & Lipa, S. (1990). Emergent Literacy: A Comparison of Formal and Informal Assessment Methods. Reading Horizons, 30 (3). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol30/iss3/4