During the past decade reading beliefs have changed from a product orientation that included the decoding of or thographic symbols to a process orientation that involves keeping all forms of communication whole. Additionally, current research clearly demonstrates that reading strategies must go beyond the printed page (Tierney and Pearson, 1983; Rumelhart, 1985; Goodman, 1986). The pedagogy of reading has also changed from teacher directed, skill building strategies to student entered process oriented strategies (Tierney and Pearson, 1983; Rumelhart, 1985).
Bryant, J. A., & Wedman, J. M. (1994). Instruction in Elementary Reading Methods Courses: Faculty Orientations and Strategy Use. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 34 (4). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol34/iss4/2