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The influence of the home environment on children's learning has long been recognized as significant. While many schools strive to involve families, others complain about parent apathy. Mavrogenes (1990) points out that teachers andprincipals need to question their assumption that low-income parents do not care about their children's education. It is likely that many parents are willing to help, but have few ideas about how to provide help, or have negative memories of school themselves. Parents' insecurity in the school setting may indeed be read as parental apathy (Greenberg, 1989; Moles, 1982).

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