In the present study, nineteen of the classrooms were taught by women, one by a male. There were no combination grades and no teacher aides. All the teachers observed had master's degrees in reading and had been teaching from rh-91 two to sixteen years, with a mean of 8.6 years. The number of students in the classroom ranged from 18 to 27, with a mean of 23.2. In three schools, interclass grouping was used; the rest of the classrooms were self-contained. All observations were done in Western New York by the author from September through May during the 1983-84 school year. The categories used in the present study to assess comprehension instruction are those developed by Durkin. Not only do the categories lend themselves to observational research, but Durkin included directions for using the categories to facilitate replication of her research.
Wiesendanger, K. D. (1986). Durkin Revisited. Reading Horizons, 26 (2). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol26/iss2/1