Credentials Display

Lenin C. Grajo, PhD, EdM, OTR/L; Catherine Candler, PhD, OTR/L, BCP; Patricia Bowyer, EdD, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA; Sally Schultz, PhD, OTR/L; Jenny Thomson, BMedSci, PhD, MRCSLT


Background: The aim of this study was to determine the initial clinical and classroom utility of the Inventory of Reading Occupations (IRO), a new tool to assess children’s reading participation.

Method: The study used phenomenological qualitative and descriptive methods. The participants included 38 occupational therapists, speech-language pathologists, classroom teachers, and parents who completed or reviewed responses of children on the IRO. To provide triangulation, 20 of the children who completed the IRO were interviewed. Data were thematically analyzed and then categorized using a central Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats premise.

Results: The majority of the participants indicated favorable response to the clinical and classroom utility of the tool. Common themes were (a) the IRO is a user-friendly and engaging assessment that allows students to reflect on their reading participation; (b) the IRO is more suitable for children who engage in more structured reading; (c) the IRO can be adapted for older children; and (d) there is a need to identify whether the IRO is better as a screening or a full assessment tool.

Conclusion: The study provided useful perspectives on how the tool can be further improved as a measure of the reading participation of school-aged children.


The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.