The survey reported here was conducted to determine the most common reading approach currently used by elementary school teachers in grades 1, 2, and 3. An important goal of the survey was to gain more information regarding primary teachers' grouping practices during reading. The authors also made special efforts to determine whether or not teachers regroup children according to the child's more immediate needs.
Wiesendanger, K. D., & Birlem, E. (1981). A Critical Look at the Reading Approaches and Grouping Patterns Currently Used in the Primary Grades. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 22 (1). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol22/iss1/9