As a reading teacher, do you know of a third grader or older student exhibiting the following reading difficulties? (1) The student is unsure of high frequency words such as the Dolch words. (2) The student is a word-by-word reader. (3) The student reads connected discourse in a disjointed manner- ignoring punctuation, making abnormal pausal units, etc. (4) The student frequently repeats words and phrases. In general, this type of student has difficulties comprehending text, and lacks the desire and motivation to pursue reading. These reading difficulties describe students who have trouble with fluency. If you are teaching students with fluency problems, the suggested strategies that follow can aid you in helping students overcome these problematic behaviors.
Johnson, B. (1983). Developing Fluency in the Disabled Reader. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 23 (3). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol23/iss3/1