Cloze procedures are being used by more and more teachers. Schools, school districts, and state school systems have been using cloze or modified cloze procedures for testing reading comprehension growth. More educators now have begun to use cloze for teaching reading. One reason for this development, perhaps, is that research findings show cloze as a potentially effective instructional technique. Jongsma (1980) states that cloze " ... is no more or less effective than many of the conventional instructional methods t,hat are widely used." Even with such a modest endorsement cloze instruction has exploded in popularity.
Valmont, W. J. (1983). Instructional Cloze Procedures: Rationale, Framework, and Examples. Reading Horizons, 23 (3). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol23/iss3/2