In an effort to gain a greater understanding of how children make the transition from reading word for word orally to becoming independent silent readers this study monitored the development of fluent oral reading of beginning readers, recorded progress related to the children's ability to use a modified cloze procedure as an indication of their perception of reading as a meaning gathering process, charted children's ability to write a complete sentence independently, and observed children as they made voluntary decisions to read a trade book silently.
Franc, L. H., & Hildrebrandt, J. (1984). Monitoring Progress Toward Independent Silent Reading. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 25 (1). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol25/iss1/3